from the Uttaratantra-vyakhya,
on the Uttaratantra by Aryasanga
from a block print
by the Aga
from Tibetan by E. Obermiller
[Note, I am
still in the process of doing all the data entry necessary to publish
this text. Therefore the text below is not complete.]
Buddha, the Doctrine, the Congregation,
The Germ of
Buddhahood, Supreme Enlightenment,
of the Buddha and last of all his acts, -
These are the
seven adamantine topics,
In which the
compass of this treatise can be summarised.
essential character and mutual connexion
in gradual order, shown in the Dharanisvara-raja-sutra.
first 3 topics are to be known from its introduction,
the remaining 4 - from the analysis of the Buddha's
the Bodhisattva's attributes.
the Buddha comes the Doctrine, from the Doctrine – the
of the Saints,
the Congretation – the desire of purifying the Germ till
attainment of the quintessence of Wisdom.
Wisdom being attained, one comes to Supreme Enlightenment,
endowed with it and the other attributes, through
which one acts for the sake
of all living beings.
bow before him, who has neither beginning , middle, nor end,
quiescent and fully enlighted, perceiving his own
Essence of Buddhahood,
himself illuminated, shows to the ignorant
Path sure and free from danger, in order that they might
raising high the sword and the thunder-bolt of Mercy
down the sprout of Phenomenal Life,
breaks the wall of Doubt surrounded
dense thickets of the different heresies. -
free from effort,
with Wisdom, Love, and Power,
pursuing a twofold aim – such is Buddhahood.
by nature no beginning,
nor end, the Buddha is immutable.
in his Cosmical Essence, quiescent,
spoken of as acting without effort.
perceived through inward conviction
incognizable from without,
the personified Wisdom as he knows himself in these 3 forms,
- as he shows the Path,
Power, since through Wisdom and Love
puts an end to Phenomenal Life and Defilement.
latter 3 – the aim of the others.
bow before that which cannot be investigated
as a non-ens, nor an ens,
both ens and non-ens together, nor neither of both,
has no name, is revealed by introspection, and perfectly quiescent;
before the sun of the Highest Doctrine, immaculate,
with the lustre of Divine Wisdom,
vanquishing the darkness of Ignorance, Hatred,
the Attachment toward all wordly objects. -
free from both the causes of Phenomenal Life and from
illuminating, and the Antidote of defilement,
deliverance from passions and that which leads to such,
in the 2 last Truths – such is the Doctrine. -
freedom from passions consists
Truths of Extinction and of the Path;
2, taken respectively,
each known by 3 distinctive features. -
is unthinkable, since it cannot be analysed,
unutterable and revealed only to the Saint,
quiescent by being devoid of the two causes of Phenomenal Existence;
other 3 attributes, purity and the rest
a resemblance with the sun.
bow before those who perceive the pure, radiant essence of the
Spirit and the nullity of all defilement,
knowing the background of the unreality of all that exists,
Absolute in its quiescent nature,
in all living beings the reflex of the Supreme Buddha,
powerful minds free from Obscuration and endowed with
sight of Divie Wisdom,
object of which is the immaculate and infinite essence of
the perfect purity of their insight,
Absolute and the Empirical, both being Introspective,
Congregation of the Sages abiding in the Irretrievable State
endowed with the highest merits. -
they know the quiescent nature of all that exists,
have the intuition of the Absolute Truth,
owing to their knowledge of the pure nature of the Spirit,
the essential nullity of the defiling forces.
the Wisdom which penetrates into the background of
percieve the Essence of the Omniscient
exists in all living beings.
is their knowledge of the Empirical Reality.
the intuition of the Bodhisattvas
their direct Transcendental Introspection.
perfectly pure, being free from attachment
the plane of the Immaculate Absolute,
completely free from all impediments. -
their immaculate Transcendental Intuition,
are near to the Divine Wisdom of the Buddha.
the Saints that have attained the Irretrievable State
the refuge of all living beings. -
order to make known the virtues
Teacher, the Teaching, and the Disciples,
the sake of the adherents of the 3 Vehicles
for those devoted to the three forms of religious observance, -
Refuges have been proclaimed by the Lord.
Doctrine in its two forms and the Congregation of the Saints
not by themselves the highest, absolute Refuge.
the former is ultimately given up, is illusionary and
the latter is not devoid of fear and error. -
the absolute sense, the refuge
living beings is only the Buddha.
the Lord is possessed of the Cosmical Body,
the multitudes of Saints, too, have their issue in the latter.
appear rarely, they are immaculate,
powerful, are an ornament of this world,
the highest point of excellence, and cannot change, -
they have the character of jewels.
Absolute mingled with defilement,
Absolute free from all the stains,
immaculate attributes and the acts of the Buddha,
elements from wich the 3 illustrious Jewels arise,
4 items are only accessible to him who perceives the
source of these 3 Jewels
accessible only to the Omniscient;
inconceivable for four motives, respectively.
Absolute as the Germ is pure, but nevertheless is contact
the defiling worldy elements,
Absolute as the Cosmical Body is on the other hand
free from every defilement,
attributes of the Buddha are essentially identical with the
as contained even in every ordinary being,
the Buddha's acts are free from effort and dialectical
object to be intuited, the intuition,
distinctive features of the latter,
the acts which bring it about, -
such respectively appear the said 4 subjects,
the cause of purification and the other 3 as its conditions. -
Body of the Supreme Buddha is all-pervading,
Absolute is one undifferentiated Whole
the Germ of Buddhahood exists in every living being.
for ever and anon, all that lives
endowed with the Essence of the Buddha.
Spirit of the Buddha manifests itself in the multitudes of
immaculate by nature and unique with all,
Buddhahood is the fruit of the Germ.
the whole animate world bears the Essence of the Buddha.
essence of the Germ.
causes and the result of its purification,
functions, relations, and manifestations
different states, its all-pervading character,
eternal, unchangeable, and indivisable nature, -
are the 10 points with respect to the Absolute Essence.
Essence of Buddhahood in its 3 aspects
respectively, like a jewel, like space, and like water,
always, by its nature, undefiled.
arises to life through faith and the Doctrine, through
concentrated trance, and Great Commiseration. -
and moist by nature,
a resemblance, in its distinctive features,
the wish-fulfilling gem, with space, and water.
toward the Doctrine, views clinging to Ego and Mine,
caused by the sufferings of Phenomenal Life,
want of care for other living beings, -
are the 4 impediments, respectively,
the worldlings endowed with great desires, with the
Sravakas and those of self-sprung Wisdom.
the cause of purity, such is great faith,
the other virtues, all of them being four.
are the sons of the Lord,
seed is the faith in the Highest of Vehicles,
mother is the Wisdom that gives birth to the properties
abide in the blissful womb of meditative trance and are
by Great Commiseration.
result are the Absolute, Transcendental Properties
Purity, Unity, Bliss, and Eternity.
the functions of the Germ manifest themselves
aversion toward this worldly life,
desire of Quiescence and the will of attaining it.
short, the fruit of these 4 virtues
contained in the Cosmical Body,
its properties which are antidotes
the reverse of the 4 kinds of error.
Cosmical Body of the Buddha is perfectly pure,
immaculate by nature and free from all the defiling forces.
represents the Unity of the Cosmos, the perfect Quiescence
Plurality, of the Individuals as well as their impersonal
the extirpation of even the non-physical elements
their causes, it is the Supreme Bliss,
through the intuition of the indentity of Samsara and Nirvana,
eternal being free from the limits of both.
Saint by his great wisdom rejects all selfish worldly
being merciful and attached to the cause of the living
he does not attain Quiescence.
having his stand in Wisdom and Love, these means of
Saint neither resides in this world, nor does he depart to egoistic
the Germ of the Buddha did not exist,
aversion to the suffering of this world would not arise;
would be no desire of Nirvana,
there would be no effort for attaining it.
sufferings of Phenomenal Life and the bliss of Nirvana,
defects of the former and the advantages of the latter
conditioned by the existence of the Germ. Therefore,
those in whom there is no Germ, this contemplation
Essence of the Buddha is like the Great Ocean
the inexhaustable repository of jewels – its sublime pro-
moreover like a light, since, by its nature
endowed with properties indivisable from it.
it contains the sources
Cosmical Body, of the Buddha's Wisdom and Commi-
appears as being akin to the ocean,
the causes of purity to which it relates
resemblance with a receptacle, with jewels, and with
the state of Perfect Purity is attained,
possessed of the supernatural faculties,
Wisdom bringing about the extirpation of defilement,
this extirpation itself, which are indivisable.
the Essence of the Buddha in the aspect of the result
a resemblance with the rays, the heat, and the colour
Absolute manifests itself differently
worldlings, the Saints, and the Supreme Buddha.
perceived this, the Lord has declared
the essence of Buddhahood exists in all that lives.
the ordinary beings the Absolute is obscured by error,
with those who percieve the Truth it is the reverse.
the Buddha who has the full and perfect intuition, -
him it is completely free from error and differentiation.
partly pure and partly impure,
perfectly pure – the Absolute
called the Germ of ordinary beings, that of the Bodhisattvas,
the Perfect Supreme Buddha, repsectively.
Germ of the Buddha considered
the 6 points of view beginning with its essence,
accordance with its 3 states,
by 3 different names.
as, being essentially free from all dialectical
element of space is ubiquitous,
same way the Immaculate Essence which is of spiritual
pervades all that exists.
penetrates, in its general essence,
defective, the virtuous, and the ultimate point of perfection,
as space embraces all visible forms,
base, the intermediate, and the sublime.